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          中國特色詞匯英語翻譯
          作者:佚名  來源:轉載  發布時間:2007-8-23 10:31:57  發布人:lsy1chj2wdh3

          A. AA制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch
            《阿Q正傳》 The True Story of Ah Q

            艾滋病(獲得性免疫缺陷綜合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

            愛麗舍宮 Elysée Palace

            安居工程 Housing Project for low-income families

            按成本要素計算的國民經濟總值 GNP at factor cost

            按揭貸款 mortgage loan

            按勞分配 distribution according to one‘s performance

            暗戀 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly

            暗虧 hidden loss

            澳門大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul

            奧姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult

            B. B to B (B2B) business to business

            B to C (B2C) business to consumer

            巴黎證券交易所 Paris Bourse

            把握大局 grasp the overall situation

            白馬王子 Prince Charming

            白色行情表 white sheet

            白色農業 white agriculture (also called “white engineering agriculture”;

            It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)

            白手起家 starting from scratch

            白雪公主 Snow White

            擺架子 put on airs

            擺譜兒 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances

            拜把兄弟 sworn brothers

            拜年 pay New Year call

            搬遷戶 relocated families

            半拉子工程 uncompleted project

            棒球運動記者 scribe

            傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man;

            lean on a moneybags

            包干到戶 work contracted to households

            包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash

            包工包料 contract for labor and materials

            保持國民經濟發展的良好勢頭 maintain a good momentum of growth

            in the national economy

            保持國有股 keep the State-held shares

            保健食品 health-care food

            保理業務 factoring business

            保稅區 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area

            保證重點支出 ensure funding for priority areas

            保值儲蓄 inflation-proof bank savings

            報國計劃的實施 implementation of Dedicator‘s Project

            北歐投資銀行 Nordic Investment Bank

            本本主義 bookishness

            《本草綱目》 Compendium of Materia Medica

            本壘打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip

            本命年 one‘s year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches

            奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life

            笨鳥先飛 A slow sparrow should make an early start.

            蹦擊 bungee, bungee jumping

            逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives

            比較經濟學 comparative economics

            比上不足,比下有余 worse off than some, better off than many;

            to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst

            閉門羹 given cold-shoulder

            邊際報酬 marginal return

            邊緣科學 boundary science

            變相漲價 disguised inflation

            便攜式電腦 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer

            標書 bidding documents

            表演賽 demonstration match

            剝奪冠軍 strip the gold medal of somebody

            博彩(業)lottery industry

            博士生 Ph.D candidate

            補缺選舉 by-election

            布達拉宮 Potala Palace

            布雷頓森林體系 Bretton Woods system

            不敗記錄 clean record, spotless record

            不承諾放棄使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force

            不打不成交 No discord, no concord.

            不到長城非好漢 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.

            不分上下的總統選舉結果the neck-and-neck presidential election result

            《不見不散》 Be there or be square.

            不可再生資源 non-renewable resources

            不良貸款 non-performing loan

            不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city

            不正之風 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency

            步行天橋 foot bridge

            C.

            擦邊球 edge ball, touch ball

            擦網球 net ball

            采取高姿態 show magnanimity

            菜籃子工程 shopping basket program

            參政、議政 participate in the management of State affairs

            滄海桑田 Seas change into mulberry fields and mulberry fields change into

            seas-time brings great changes to the world. What was once the sea has

            now changed into mulberry fields-the world is changing all the time.

            倉儲式超市 stockroom-style supermarket

            草根工業 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take

            root among farmers and grow like wold grass)

            層層轉包和違法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting

            差額投票 differentail voting

            差額選舉 competitive election

            茶道 sado

            查房 make/go the rounds of the wards

            拆東墻補西墻 rob Peter to pay Paul

            拆遷戶 households or units relocated due to building demolition

            攙水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside

            a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value)

            禪 dhyana

            產糧大省 granary province

            產品結構 product mix

            產權明晰、權責明確、政企分開、科學管理 clearly established ownership, well

            defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration,

            and scientific management

            產權制度、產權關系 property relations; property order

            產銷直接掛鉤 directly link production with marketing

            產業的升級換代 upgrading of industies

            產業結構升級 upgrading of an industrial structure

            長二捆 LM-2E

            長江三角洲 Yangtze River delta

            長期共存、互相監督、肝膽相照、榮辱與共 long-term coexistence, mutual

            supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe

            長線產品 product in excessive supply

            暢通工程 “Smooth Traffic Project”

            唱高調 mouth high-sounding words

            超高速巨型計算機 giant ultra-high-speed computer

            超前消費 overconsuming, excessive consumption

            徹頭徹尾的反動政治勢力an out and out reactionary political force

            城市規劃 city‘s landscaping plan; urban planning

            城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年專業人士,附庸風雅,矯揉造作cutesification,

            崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification,攀比銀行存款bankification等擺闊作風,由middle-aged urban yuppie縮合而成)

            城鄉信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas

            吃大鍋飯 egalitarian practice of “everybody eating from the same big pot”

            吃皇糧 receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government

            重復建設 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects

            抽殺成功 hit through

            籌備委員會 preparatory committee

            出風頭 show off;in the limelight

            出口創匯能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports

            出口加工區 export processing zones

            出口退稅制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate

            出口轉內銷 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports

            出家 pravrajana; cloister

            傳銷 multi-level marketing

            窗口行業 various service trades

            創建衛生城市:build a nationally advanced clean city

            創業園 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park

            吹風會 (advanced) briefing

            春蕾計劃 Spring Buds Program

            春運 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival

            《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals

            磁懸浮列車 Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train

            辭舊迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new

            此地無銀三百兩 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence.

            從粗放經濟轉變為集約經濟 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy

            粗放式管理 extensive management

            促進全球經濟一體化 foster integration with the global economy

            存款保證金 guaranty money for deposits

            D.

            “達標”活動 “target hitting” activities

            打白條 issue IOU

            打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering

            打假 crack down on counterfeit goods

            打破僵局 break the deadlock

            打順手 find one‘s touch, get into gear, settle into a groove

            大包干 all-round responsibility system

            大轟動 blockbuster

            大力扣殺 hammer

            大路貨 staple goods

            大滿貫 grand slam

            大開眼界 open one‘s eyes; broaden one’s horizon; be an eye-opener

            大款 tycoon

            大排擋 sidewalk snack booth; large stall

            大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to

            reduce it to nothing at all

            大勝 white wash

            大腕 top notch

            大衛教 Branch Davidian

            大型電視系列片,長篇電視連續劇 maxi-series

            大學生創業 university students‘ innovative undertaking

            大要案 major and serious criminal cases

            大專生 junior college student

            大專文憑 associate degree

            大藏經 Tripitaka

            帶薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain

            their original rank and benefits

            待崗 await job assignment, post-waiting

            待業 job-waiting

            代職 function in an acting capacity

            單循環制 single round-robin system

            黨群關系 Party-masses relationship

            黨政機關 Party and government organizations

            搗漿糊 give the runaround

            盜版VCD pirated VCD

            盜打(電話) free call on somebody else‘s expense through illegal means

            盜用公款 embezzlement

            單刀赴會 start a solo run

            倒票 speculative reselling of tickets

            倒爺 profiteer

            倒計時 countdowm

            等外品 off-grade goods, rejects

            鄧小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping‘s diplomatic thoughts

            低調 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach)

            第二產業 secondary industry

            第三產業 tertiary industry; service sector

            第三代移動電話(3G手機) third generation mobile; 3G mobile

            第一發球權 first inning

            第一發球員 first server

            第一雙打 first pair

            地方保護主義 regional protectionism

            地方財政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances

            地球村 global village

            地區差異 regional disparity

            地熱資源 geothermal resources

            地市級城市 prefecture-level city

            點子公司 consultancy company

            電話號碼升位 upgrade telephone number

            電話會議 teleconference

            電視直銷 TV home shopping

            電子商務認證 e-business certification

            吊球 drop shot

            吊銷執照 revoke license

            釘子戶 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably

            high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project

            定向培訓 training for specific posts

            豆腐渣“工程 jerry-built project

            毒梟 drug trafficker

            獨立核算工業企業 independent accounting unit(enterprise)

            “渡假外交” holiday-making diplomacy

            短期債務 floating debt

            斷交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man)

            對……毫無顧忌 make no bones about ……

            對沖基金 hedge fund

            對外招商 attract foreign investment

            隊長袖標(足球) skipper‘s armband

            多黨合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power

            多任務小衛星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)

            奪冠 take the crown

            E.

            惡性通貨膨脹 hyperinflation

            惡性循環 vicious circle

            (把…當成)耳旁風Like water off (on) a duck‘s back

            二板市場; 創業板市場 second board (on the country‘s stock market)

            二次創業 start a new undertakinge

            二進宮 to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again

            commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)

            二流選手 scrub, second-rater

            二元經濟 dual economy

            F.

            發案率 incidence (of criminal cases)

            發燒友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan

            發展不平衡 disparate development

            發展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance. / Development is the absolute need.

            法治國家 a country under the rule of law

            法制國家 a state with an adequate legal system

            翻兩番 quadruple

            反敗為勝 bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire

            反不正當競爭法 Law of the People‘s Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means

            反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government

            防抱死系統 ABS (anti-lock braking system)

            防洪工程 flood-prevention project

            房管 real estate management

            訪談式競選 (候選人在電視訪談節目中亮相進行的競選)talk-show campaign

            放高球 lob

            放下架子 to relinguish haungty airs; to get off one‘s high horse; throw off one’s airs

            放行單 release permit

            飛毛腿(導彈)Scud missile

            飛行藥檢 spot check

            非對稱數字用戶環路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL)

            費改稅 transform administrative fees into taxes

            分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market.

            分流 reposition of redundant personnel

            分期付款 installment payment

            分稅制 system of tax distribution

            (產品)分銷 subunderwriting, distribution

            粉領族 pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as

            office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)

            風險投資 venture capital; risk investment

            瘋牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE)

            鋒利扣殺 razor-sharp smash

            封閉式基金 close-ended fund

            封殺出局 force out

            “封圣” canonization of “Saints”

            福利彩票 welfare lotteries

            福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system

            浮動工資 floating wages; fluctuating wages

            扶貧 poverty alleviation

            覆蓋率 coverage rate

            復式住宅duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing

            that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building)

            G.

            改制上市:An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so

            that it will get listed on the stock market.

            感謝款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well

            as someone‘s guest)

            干部隊伍革命化、年輕化、知識化、專業化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary,

            younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent

            港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong

            高層次、全方位的對話 high-level and all-directional dialogue

            高產優質 high yield and high quality

            高度自治 high degree of autonomy

            高官會 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM)

            高級商務師 Certified Business Executive

            高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road

            高科技板塊 high-tech sector

            高難度動作 stunner, stunt

            高清晰度 high definition

            高新技術產業開發區 high and new technology industrial development zone

            (公路)隔離帶 median

            根本政治制度 fundamental political system

            個人收入應稅申報制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment

            個人自掃門前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one‘s own potatoes

            各大菜系 major styles of cooking

            各盡所能let each person do his best; from each according to his ability

            “各就位” “On your marks!”

            跟蹤審計 follow-up auditing

            恭喜發財 May you be prosperous!; Wish you all the best!

            功夫不負有心人 Everything comes to him who waits.

            工程公司 engineering company

            工商局 industrial and commercial bureau

            工薪階層 salariat; state employee; salaried person

            工業控制一體化integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration

            工業園區 industrial park

            公費醫療 medical services at state expense

            公告板服務 Bulletin Board Service (BBS)

            公檢法 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people‘s courts

            公積金public accumulation funds, public reserve funds

            公開喊價市場 open outcry markets

            公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds

            公司分立與解散 separation and dissolution of a company

            公益林 public welfare forest

            公正、公平、公開 just, fair and open

            公證財產 notarize the properties

            共產黨領導下的多黨合作與政治協商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation

            under the leadership of Communist Party

            狗仔隊dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists

            who are hunting the news of celebrities.)

            骨干企業 key enterprise

            股本金equity capital

            掛職1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself)

            2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one‘s position in the previous unit

            關稅壁壘 customs barrier; tariff wall

            光谷 optical valley

            光機電一體化 optical, mechanical and electronic integration

            光盤雜志 CD-ROM magazine

            光通訊 photo-communication; optical communication

            廣告電話直銷direct response advertising

            廣域網 wide area network (WAN)

            皈依三寶 become a Buddhist

            國產化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components

            國防動員體制 the mobilization for national defense

            國際慣例 international common practice

            國際日期變更線 International Date Line (IDL)

            《國際先驅論壇報》 International Herald Tribune

            國際商業機器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM)

            國家經濟體制改革委員會 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems

            國家普通話水平考試 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua

            國家一級保護 first-grade State protection

            國家質量技術監督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision

            國腳 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team

            國庫券 treasury bonds

            國民黨 Kuomintang

            國民經濟支柱產業 pillar industries in national economy

            國債專項資金 special fund for treasury bond

            過度開墾 excess reclamation

            過猶不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling

            short; too much is as bad as too little

            H.

            海市蜃樓,鏡花水月, 無稽之談 a mare‘s nest

            海灣戰爭綜合癥 the complexities of the Gulf War

            函授大學 correspondence university

            旱地滑雪場 mock skiing park

            漢字處理軟件 Chinese character processing software

            航母 aircraft carrier

            豪賭 unrestrained gambling

            好事不出門,惡事傳千里 Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread

            far and wide.

            好出風頭的運動員 exhibitionist, grandstander

            好萊塢大片 Hollywood blockbuster

            “好球” “Strike”

            和服 Kimono

            合理引導消費 guide rational consumption

            合議庭 collegiate bench

            核銷 cancel after verification

            黑店 gangster inn

            黑客 hacker

            黑社會 Mafia-style organizations; gangland

            宏觀調控 macro-control

            紅包 (中)red paper containing money as a gift, (貶) bribe, kickback

            《紅樓夢》A Dream in Red Mansions (The Story of the Stone)

            紅帽子企業 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys

            by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of

            a state-run or collective-run enterprise)

            紅細胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO)

            環太平洋地區 Pacific Rim

            后防空虛 leave the defense exposed

            后臺管理 back-stage management

            呼啦圈 hu la hoop

            胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded)

            虎父無犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg.

            互動廣告 interactive advertisement

            戶口簿 residence booklet

            戶口管理制度 domicile system, residence registration system

            戶主 head of a household

            護身法寶 amulet

            華表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele

            華蓋 canopy

            滑板車 scooter

            “壞球” “Ball”

            還俗 resume secular life, unfrock

            “黃、賭、毒” pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking

            黃金時段 prime time

            (吃)“皇糧” public grainfunds, goods, etc provided by the government; salary paid by the state

            揮棒 swing

            揮棒不中 fan

            灰色收入 income from moonlighting

            匯豐銀行 Hong Kong and Shang Hai Banking Corporation

            婚介所 matrimonial agency

            婚外戀 extramarital love

            活到老,學到老 One is never too old to learn.

            火炬計劃 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology)

            貨幣化 monetization

            貨幣回籠 withdrawal of currency from circulation

            貨到付款 cash on delivery

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